Whenever camels are being handled, and particularly during mustering and transport of untrained camels, an experienced operator equipped to perform humane destruction must be available. Camels can be euthanased by firearm or captive bolt by the frontal or poll method or by lethal injection.
When using a firearm from in front of a camel the aim point for the frontal method is a point where two imaginary lines drawn from the base of the ears to the opposite eyes intersect. If the operator is standing above the head of the camel the aim point is approx. 4 cm behind this point.
The aim point for the poll method is at the intersection of the skull and the neck. In this case the aim is perpendicular to the neck line. New operators should be trained in these procedures, initially on skulls taken from dead camels.
The use of captive-bolt pistols and the frontal method is suitable for younger stock. For mature bull camels and especially for bulls in rut the captive bolt is applied to the base of the skull or alternatively a firearm can be used. Bulls in rut develop thick glands on the top of their head that prevent the effective use of the captive bolt by the frontal method.
When the animal has been stunned using a captive-bolt pistol, as soon as it collapses to the ground it must be either pithed or bled out by severing the major vessels of the neck. The operator should stand behind the neck to avoid injury due to the animal's involuntary leg movements.
It is recognised that exceptions to the recommended practice may occur under extreme conditions. In those circumstances considerations of common sense for both animal and human welfare should prevail.